The problem of women of unfortunate class, not unusual in garrison or sea-port towns, also posed problems in the last century. These women were frequently arrested, and one woman held the record of twenty arrests in the one year. For those prisoners willing to learn, there was a school operating in the gaol from 10.00 a.m. to 4.00 p.m. each day, and it is recorded that one day in 1866, twenty three pupils attended. The teachers then were Mr. Con O’Leary and Miss Kemp and their salaries were £ 40-2-0, and £26.00 respectively. Those not attending the school had an interesting number of activities open to them: stone breaking, teasing oakum picking, and mat making. Women were also involved in oakum picking, winding wool, and sewing. Oakum was a fibre obtained by picking old ropes to pieces. It was then used for caulking, i.e. to stop up the seams of wooden boats. When this use became obsolete with the advent of metal boats oakum was then used to stuff the prison mattresses. Stonebreaking was used as a punishment in the City Gaol prior to 1859, when it was given up owing to the reduction in the available number of hands. Gas lighting was also introduced in the City Gaol in the early 1860’s.